For the past few decades, the field of medicine has been largely influenced by the medical philosophy of the Western world.
The emphasis of Western medicine has been predominately curative, relying on chemical preparations and invasive surgery as means of treatment.
In contrast, Eastern medical and therapeutic philosophy focuses on the more metaphysical side of human illness and treatment.
Ayurveda, a healing system native to India, is a centuries-old practice that has recently been given attention by Western science.
Its practice is hinged on the use of a variety of methods ranging from the use of medicinal plants and herb, massage, acupuncture, aromatherapy, pulse reading, and other alternative healing methods.
These methods are now gaining acceptance even in modern societies, in a large measure, due to the increased awareness about the healing arts of China and India.
There are volumes of literature on traditional Chinese medicine.
But what also deserves wide recognition is the folk remedies and traditional practices in India which are also ancient and effective, at least, according to those who have tried them.
Like traditional Chinese medicine, Ayurveda practitioners adhere to a particular medical philosophy that regards illness as an imbalance in the body and influenced by internal and external factors, similar to the Chinese principles of yin and yang.
Ayurveda also takes into consideration a patient’s emotions and state of mind alongside the study of infections that make the body sick. It places a high importance on the patients sense of taste and diet.
In Ayurveda, it is believed that the healing of a person must take into consideration three elements found in nature: air, water, and fire.
Each of these elements has a deep philosophical background.
These elements also govern the major functions of the body.
Ayurvedic theory rests on the belief that the balance of the three elements is the basis of health. Any imbalance, blockage, or weakening in these elements causes illness.
It is the task of the Ayurveda practitioner to determine and restore the patients elemental harmony.
In other words, an infection or ailment is the result of an imbalance in the patient’s natural internal or elemental harmony.
These imbalances can be caused by internal or external factors, and may be aggravated or alleviated by the patient’s emotional state and, in some cases, mental health.
The primary concept of Ayurveda is that the restoration of imbalances in the body requires a very personalized concept.
Treatment can involve the use of natural oils, minerals, herbs, metals, and even animal ingredients.
Similar to how herbal medications are administered in traditional Chinese medicine, Ayurveda medications are given base formulas that are modified by the physician according to the patient’s needs.
This process makes getting a treatment for an infection different from Western medicine, where the formulas are constant and only the dose is altered based on the patient’s metabolism and constitution. As mentioned earlier, diet and taste play a central role in Ayurveda.
However, unlike Chinese medicinal doctrine, the taste and quality of the food plays a much larger role in traditional Indian healing arts.
Different tastes correspond to different conditions in the body.
These tastes are taken into account by an Ayurveda physician before prescribing an appropriate treatment.
For example, food with a bitter taste is generally considered to cool the body, dry out moisture, and work to remove toxins.
This concept also extends to the herbal and animal ingredients that are used in Ayurveda medication.
Ayurveda also prescribes a particular form of massage known as Panchakarma for the treatment of emotional distress.
This practice is highly similar to acupuncture except that no needles are used.
The strokes, presses, and body manipulations used in Panchakarma supposedly stimulates energy flow throughout the body, a process that is necessary to ensure good health.
Problems arise when the energy flow is disrupted, clogged, or stalled.
Massage is often prescribed in conjunction with a diet plan and herbal remedies to relieve problems such as sinusitis, conditions associated with stress and anxiety, and other problems that Ayurveda practitioners see as symptoms of emotional disharmony rather than just purely physical ailments.
Lung Disease & Respiratory Health
Amidst the global pandemic of coronavirus, it is essential to maintain a strong Respiratory tract. This is especially critical as we are just about leaving winter
On This Article
- Lung Disease & Respiratory Health
- Related to Lung Disease & Respiratory Health
- 5 Things to Know About the Environment and Respiratory Health
- HEALTHY LUNGS AND CLEAN AIR FOR ALL
- Minimize Exposure to Outdoor Air Pollution
- The Top 8 Respiratory Illnesses and Diseases
- Natural ways to cleanse your lungs
- Respiratory Health
- Ayurveda Products for Fortifying Respiratory Tract
If you live with lung diseases like asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd) or pulmonary fibrosis, taking steps to avoid getting sick is especially important as you are at greater risk of developing a more severe case.
Respiratory health association has developed a number of resources to help.
The respiratory tract is the portal of entry of air pollutants, and thus the lung is the first organ affected.
The range of respiratory diseases that can be caused by air pollution exposure is large. Studies on the health impacts of air pollution differentiate between acute and chronic effects.
The acute effects of pollution may be apparent within hours or days of exposure, but other health effects of air pollution result from long-term exposure, leading to chronic disease.
While the acute and chronic effects of air pollution are partly interrelated, the distinction is important when planning and interpreting epidemiological studies as well as for policy making. Table 1 summarizes the most important respiratory health effects of air pollution and how they can be measured.
Dietary antioxidants are an important dietary factor in protecting against the damaging effects of oxidative stress in the airways, a characteristic of respiratory diseases.
Oxidative stress caused by reactive oxygen species (ros), is generated in the lungs due to various exposures, such as air pollution, airborne irritants and typical airway inflammatory cell response.
Also, increased levels of ros generate further inflammation in the airways via activation of nf-κb and gene expression of pro-inflammatory mediators. Antioxidants including vitamin c, vitamin e, flavonoids and carotenoids are abundantly present in fruits and vegetables, as well as nuts, vegetable oils, cocoa, red wine and green tea.
Dietary antioxidants may have beneficial effects on respiratory health, from influences of the maternal diet on the fetus, and intake in children through to adults and pregnant women with asthma and adults with copd.
Full text in march 2014, the world health organization (who) reported that air pollution, including pollutants such as particulate matter (pm), ozone (o3), nitrogen dioxide (no2), and sulfur dioxide (so2), causes 3. 7 million premature deaths worldwide every year.
1 indeed, air pollution, specifically pm, is the leading environmental cause of mortality and morbidity, and the ninth absolute cause of death, before cholesterol or lack of physical exercise.
2 in recent years, several studies on the acute and chronic effects of air pollutants reported that the risk of cerebrovascular accident, heart disease, lung cancer, and chronic and acute respiratory diseases, including asthma, increases the greater the exposure to pollutants. 1 furthermore, there does not seem to be a safe threshold, and even very low exposure levels can have repercussions on health.
3. Prevention – your first defense is to do whatever you can to prevent respiratory health problems. Here is a checklist. Do not smoke and stay away from secondhand smoke! exposure to tobacco smoke is the worst thing you can do for your health.
Smoking causes chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd), and lung cancer, and exposure to cigarette smoke diminishes your health in many, many ways. Copd can cause the body to produce extra mucus and also causes a reduction in lung function in addition to the reduction in lung function attributable to the muscle weakness and paralysis that accompanies spinal cord injury. Plus, exposure to smoke can make worse many health problems you develop.
Vitamin d is now known to be of physiological importance outside of bone health and calcium homeostasis, and there is mounting evidence that it plays a beneficial role in the prevention and/or treatment of a wide range of diseases.
In this brief review the known effects of vitamin d on immune function are described in relation to respiratory health.
Vitamin d appears capable of inhibiting pulmonary inflammatory responses while enhancing innate defense mechanisms against respiratory pathogens.
Population-based studies showing an association between circulating vitamin d levels and lung function provide strong justification for randomized controlled clinical trials of vitamin d supplementation in patients with respiratory diseases to assess both efficacy and optimal dosage.
Related to Lung Disease & Respiratory Health
Among the many things you can do to keep your lungs functioning properly are some simple breathing techniques, according to keith roberts, rrt, cpft, director of respiratory therapy at rush. “these techniques can be used for people who are experiencing lung problems related to asthma, emphysema and chronic bronchitis, as well as healthy individuals,” he says.
Our study aimed to determine the early respiratory health effects of habitual wp smoking lasting at least three years, using both non-smokers and cigarette smokers as reference groups.
The study is unique in that – by virtue of its regional scope – it was adequately sized for statistical comparisons, and addressed both respiratory and quality of life outcomes while adjusting for other lifestyle-related confounders.
Using measures that have been found to be important signals of potential pulmonary disease (respiratory symptoms), 2 , 11 , 12 , 43 we found that wp smoking was comparable in its direction and overall extent of damage to cigarette smoking.
This finding is consistent with what we know of the respiratory toxicity profile of both cigarettes and wp; 6 , 10 and can be used to directly address the fallacies among youth and young adults that wp smoking is relatively harmless to them, and that respiratory damage at a young age is unlikely. 25 , 44 – 48.
Growing interest in iaq and related health effects have led to the publication of important results, especially in the last 10 yrs.
Diversity of indoor pollutants and inhabitants habits can lead to a wide variety of iaq profiles throughout the world.
Results of epidemiological studies suggest that respiratory effects are associated with exposure to air pollution.
Even at a low concentration, indoor chronic exposure might be responsible for important adverse effects on health. Studies focusing on the association between dwelling characteristics or occupants’ activities reinforce the hypothesis of implications of iaq in respiratory health.
However, for some pollutants, more results are necessary in order to have sufficient information about associations between exposure and respiratory health.
Data on birth cohorts are necessary to evaluate potential effects of iaq on respiratory disease development.
Several mechanisms have been suggested to explain the relationship between exposure to air pollution and adverse respiratory effects, based on both allergic and nonallergic pathways.
For some pollutants, both types of mechanisms could act. Specific exposure, mainly biological, seems to have contradictory effects according to pollutants, time and duration.
In the rural environment, such a paradox has often been observed.
Therefore, studies are needed to better understand the mechanisms associated with the exposure to indoor air pollutants and to evaluate the potential implication of indoor pollution on respiratory disease development.
Moreover, data on the rural environment are needed, as this environment seems to be particularly interesting for evaluating the impact of indoor air pollution on allergic and respiratory diseases.
Respiratory issues are among the top health concerns for seniors.
The national institutes of health noted older adults are at an increased risk for certain lung-related conditions and illnesses , such as shortness of breath, pneumonia, low oxygen levels and bronchitis.
Because of the heightened hazard of breathing issues, seniors may benefit from using the following tips to improve their respiratory health:.
Avoidable mortality due to respiratory disease is 7 times higher in the most socioeconomically deprived areas in england compared to the least deprived areas, compared to a 4-fold ratio for all diseases.
Respiratory disease is, therefore, a major contributor to the overall life expectancy gap between the rich and the poor, a gap that is widening.
This inequality is related to a multitude of factors, such as greater exposure to risk factors (such as smoking, air pollution, poor housing, and occupational hazards) as well as variation in healthcare quality and access.
Our research was based on the recommendations of the prisma (preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses) statement for systematic reviews and meta-analyses .
A comprehensive search of published studies on occupational, domestic or environmental exposure to pesticides linked to respiratory health, including chronic diseases (including diagnoses of asthma and copd) and clinical symptoms (coughing, dyspnoea, wheezing, asthma attacks, etc. ) as well as impairment in respiratory function, was conducted using the medline database of the us national library of medicine (accessed via pubmed).
An algorithm of the following keywords was used: “(pesticides or agrochemicals or insecticides or fungicides or herbicides) and (respiratory disorders or respiratory diseases or lung diseases or wheeze or asthma or cough or bronchitis or dyspnea) and (epidemiology or epidemiologic study or case–control or cohort) not warfarin. ” the limits “humans” and “english/french” language were applied to this literature search.
The search was limited to studies until december 2013.
5 Things to Know About the Environment and Respiratory Health
Here are 5 things to know about respiratory health, including diseases like asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd), and the environment, both the external and the internal. 1. The epa’s own report noted health concerns.
March 1, 2018 respiratory illness is a common problem in the united states. Many times, people are genetically more likely to get respiratory conditions, but your work place or environmental exposures could also play a big role. One thing is for sure, smoking is the most common cause of respiratory disease. Unitypoint health pulmonologist, jim meyer, do , tells us the top eight respiratory system illnesses, including which two are the most dangerous.
According to the united states environmental protection agency, the average person takes between around 17,000 to 23,000 breaths a day. For the healthy, this is a simple process.
But for millions of people with respiratory problems, breathing is not easy.
Breathing issues can zap you of energy, leaving you feeling fatigued and lethargic when you want to be active.
Our respiratory health collection features products that help resolve common problems that affect the air you breathe indoors or the way you breathe in any environment.
Browse this collection to find quality products that help purify the air in rooms around the home. Also find a selection of modern humidifiers for relief from air that is too dry.
Additionally, you can find solutions that help you breathe more comfortably, whether you’re feeling like your normal self or under-the-weather.
The respiratory health section was founded in 1995.
The section provides a forum for better understanding and improvement of the respiratory health of canadian children and youth.
Section issues include the delivery of care to newborns, children and adolescents with breathing problems, and the effects of living in environments where indoor and/or outdoor air quality is at stake.
HEALTHY LUNGS AND CLEAN AIR FOR ALL
Are you looking for the best vitamins for lung health, breathing support, and clear airways? if so then you’re in the right place, because that is what this article is all about.
You may be wondering if it’s possible to cleanse and detox your lungs.
The answer is yes, you can — with limitations, of course.
The respiratory system is the body’s source of ventilation. It is closely linked to the cardiovascular system.
In the lungs, blood receives oxygen from air and expels carbon dioxide, all in the space of a single breath.
Oxygen is then distributed via the circulatory system, nourishing all of the life-sustaining systems in the body. Good respiratory health is vital for healthy living and peak quality of life. **.
Minimize Exposure to Outdoor Air Pollution
The air quality outside can vary from day to day and sometimes is unhealthy to breathe.
Knowing how outdoor air pollution affects your health and useful strategies to minimize prolonged exposure can help keep you and your family well.
Climate change and natural disasters can also directly impact lung health.
The Top 8 Respiratory Illnesses and Diseases
There is currently no vaccine or cure for mers.
The same preventative measures for other respiratory illnesses apply to mers infection: wash hands or use an alcohol-based sanitizer, cover your nose and mouth when sneezing and throw the tissue away immediately, avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth with unwashed hands, avoid kissing, sharing food or drinks with sick people, and clean and disinfect contaminated surfaces such as doorknobs and bathroom countertops.
Natural ways to cleanse your lungs
Coughing is the body’s way of naturally expelling toxins that it has trapped in mucus.
Controlled coughing loosens excess mucus in the lungs, sending it up through the airways.
Doctors recommend that people with copd perform this exercise to help clear their lungs.
A chronic cough that produces mucus lungs that frequently sound congested respiratory infections requiring hospitalizations or antibiotics if so, you may have bronchiectaiss (be) a disease where your airways lose their ability to clear mucus, leading to infections adn deteriorating lung function.
Amidst the global pandemic of coronavirus, it is essential to maintain a strong Respiratory tract. This is especially critical as we are just about leaving winter.
In winter, as per Ayurveda, Kapha accumulates – Kapha’s qualities are damp, cold, soft, sticky, jelly-like, heavy, and blocking.
As the weather warms Kapha begins to flow and move from its solid-state. The fluid-state of Kapha creates respiratory congestion with a damp mucus-like fluid.
During the Spring season, many people experience sinus congestion, cough, watery eyes, allergies, and sinus headaches.
This is a common yet seasonally natural symptom of excess Kapha moving out of the body.
We want to bring our body in balance by moving excess Kapha out quickly so as to help our body fight off any virus that may enter.
Exercise, Food, and Ayurvedic products all help in this process.
Heat – Hot teas, Sauna, Sweating.
Heating Food – Ginger, Tumeric, Cumin, Cinnamon. Best is Black Pepper. Cayenne Pepper is good too.
All these heat the body and move excess Kapha out of the body.
Ayurvedic Products: There are some Ayurvedic products that enhance the process.
- Agastya Rasayana (Leham) – useful for cough, tuberculosis, general debility, etc. It’s a powerful rejuvenative used without side effects for long periods of time.
- Abhaya Arishtam – Balances Vata and Kapha in the intestines, which indirectly supports the respiratory system. Supports weak digestion, bloating, constipation, hemorrhoids, difficulty urinating and supports a healthy bladder.
- Amrita Arishtam – relieves and prevents fever. It also boosts immunity and has both antipyretic and anti-inflammatory properties. Balances all the doshas, especially pitta.
- Talisapatradi Vatakam (granules) – very useful for appetite, indigestion, chronic bronchitis, and asthma.
- Sitajvarari Kwatham – very effective product in influenza and malarial fevers. It is made with Black Pepper and Holy Tulasi.
The Human Immune System and Infectious Disease
Microbial invasion is initially countered by innate defenses that preexist in all individuals and begin to act within minutes following encounter with the infectious agent.
Microorganisms that cause disease in humans and animals enter the body at different sites and produce disease symptoms by a variety of mechanisms.
Microbial invasion is initially countered by innate defenses that preexist in all individuals and begin to act within minutes following encounter with the infectious agent.
Only when the innate defenses are bypassed, evaded or overwhelmed is an adaptive immune response required.
The innate immune system (iis) is usually sufficient to prevent the body from being routinely overpowered by these organisms.
However, once they have gained a hold, they require the concerted efforts of both the iis and the adaptive immune system (ais).
In the first part of this chapter, different arms and principles of the iis and the ais will be briefly discussed.
The second part of the chapter will discuss the process of fighting a bacterial and a viral infection, with an emphasis on the cross talk between the two parts of the immune system.
Vaccination can be defined as the process of administration of an antigenic material (vaccine) into a living mechanism.
The clinical effect desired is to cause stimulation of an individual’s immune system in order to develop an adaptive immunity against the pathogen constituting the vaccine.
Vaccination is the most effective method of prevention for infectious diseases. Vaccination journal publishing quality manuscript receiving throughout the globe.
The human immune system has two levels of immunity: specific and non-specific immunity.
Through non-specific immunity, also called innate immunity, the human body protects itself against foreign material that is perceived to be harmful.
Microbes as small as viruses and bacteria can be attacked, as can larger organisms such as worms. Collectively, these organisms are called pathogens when they cause disease in the host.
Like any fighting force, the immune system army marches on its stomach.
Healthy immune system warriors need good, regular nourishment.
Scientists have long recognized that people who live in poverty and are malnourished are more vulnerable to infectious diseases.
Whether the increased rate of disease is caused by malnutrition’s effect on the immune system, however, is not certain.
There are still relatively few studies of the effects of nutrition on the immune system of humans, and even fewer studies that tie the effects of nutrition directly to the development (versus the treatment) of diseases.
Our bodies fight infectious diseases such as coronavirus through our immune systems.
The body produces antibodies in response to intruder organisms to fight and remove them. Once the body has fought off a disease, it retains a “memory” of the germ, and how to fight it better and faster next time.
Formerly it was believed that some human races possessed an absolute immunity to certain specific infectious diseases.
Yellow fever, for instance, was supposed and is regarded even now as of little or no danger to negroes.
The natives in yellow fever districts were said to escape the disease because they were “acclimatized. ” livingstone declared that the native african was immune to syphilis, but unfortunately it has turned out that in this case the supposed immunity meant only this, that up to that time and for some time afterward syphilis had not been introduced into those parts of africa traversed by the great explorer.
So also has it been claimed that negroes are immune or but little susceptible to the malarial diseases. On the other hand, the colored race has been regarded as peculiarly susceptible to smallpox.
The immune system is a host defense system comprising many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease.
To function properly, an immune system must detect a wide variety of agents, known as pathogens , from viruses to parasitic worms , and distinguish them from the organism’s own healthy tissue.
In many species, there are two major subsystems of the immune system: the innate immune system and the adaptive immune system.
Both subsystems use humoral immunity and cell-mediated immunity to perform their functions. In humans, the blood–brain barrier , blood–cerebrospinal fluid barrier , and similar fluid–brain barriers separate the peripheral immune system from the neuroimmune system , which protects the brain.
Infection and Disease
Lack of sleep compromises the immune system and therefore you should have adequate sleep every day.
Adequate sleep helps the immune system to rebuild and replenish making it much more effective in fighting infections and diseases. Inadequate sleep is highly associated with reduction in the number of t-cells.
Sleep deprived people are more likely to get sick after being exposed to viruses such as the common cold.
Therefore, you need to get enough sleep to increase immunity.
The immune system is a network of cells, tissues, and organs that work together to defend the body from harmful germs.
When bacteria, viruses, and other germs invade your body, they multiply and attack. This invasion is called an infection. Infections cause the diseases that make you sick.
The term “herd immunity” refers to a means of protecting a whole community from disease by immunizing a critical mass of its populace.
Vaccination protects more than just the vaccinated person. By breaking the chain of an infection’s transmission, vaccination can also protect people who haven’t been immunized.
But to work, this protection requires that a certain percentage of people in a community be vaccinated.
What factors determine where that critical-mass threshold lies? and once it’s in place, how does herd immunity cocoon the most vulnerable among us?.
Let me take the arguments on their merits.
The stated aim has been to achieve “herd immunity” in order to manage the outbreak and prevent a catastrophic “second wave” next winter – even if matt hancock has tried to put that particular genie back in the bottle this weekend.
A large proportion of the population is at lower risk of developing severe disease: roughly speaking anyone up to the age of 40.
So the reasoning goes that even though in a perfect world we’d not want anyone to take the risk of infection, generating immunity in younger people is a way of protecting the population as a whole.
Vaccines help you develop immunity (protection from disease) by imitating an infection and triggering an immune response.
But unlike the real infection, vaccines do not cause illness.
Vaccines are made using either a weakened or killed version of the pathogen (virus or bacteria) that causes the disease, or parts of the pathogen (antigens).
Once in your body, the vaccine triggers your adaptive immune system to respond (in the same way it would to the actual pathogen), producing antibodies and training your body to recognize and fight off the pathogen.
That way, if you are ever exposed to the actual pathogen in the future, your immune system is able to quickly recognize it and destroy it before it makes you sick.
This is how you get immunity from vaccines.
Physical activity may help flush bacteria out of the lungs and airways.
This may reduce your chance of getting a cold, flu, or other illness.
Exercise causes change in antibodies and white blood cells (wbc).
Wbcs are the body’s immune system cells that fight disease.
These antibodies or wbcs circulate more rapidly, so they could detect illnesses earlier than they might have before.
However, no one knows whether these changes help prevent infections.
We developed a deterministic dynamic transmission model with age structure that tracks the population with respect to nov infection and immunity status ( figure 1 ; technical appendix ).
Here we describe the basic structure of the model (model a), which forms the basis for 5 other iterations (models b–f, described below).
The models track 5 classes of persons: 1) susceptible to infection and disease (s), 2) exposed but not yet symptomatic (e), 3) infected with symptoms (i), 4) infected but asymptomatic (a), and 5) immune to disease, but not infection (r). In model d, we included an additional class for genetically resistant persons (g).
Naturally acquired passive immunity [ edit ]
Skills to develop give an example of naturally acquired active immunity. Give two examples of naturally acquired passive immunity and state why this is important to newborns and infants.
Naturally acquired passive immunity occurs during pregnancy, when antibodies are passed from the maternal blood into the fetal bloodstream.
Immunity is the state of protection against infectious disease conferred either through an immune response generated by immunization or previous infection, or by other non-immunological factors.
There are two ways to acquire passive resistance against disease: passive natural and passive artificial.
Naturally acquired passive immunity occurs during pregnancy, in which certain antibodies are passed from the maternal blood into the fetal bloodstream in the form of igg.
Antibodies are transferred from one person to another through natural means such as in prenatal and postnatal relationships between mother and child.
Some antibodies can cross the placenta and enter the fetal blood.
This provides some protection for the child for a short time after birth, but eventually these deteriorate and the infant must rely on its own immune system.
Antibodies may also be transferred through breast milk.
The transfered igg from mother to fetus during pregnancy generally lasts 4 to 6 months after birth.
The immune responses reach full strength at about age 5.
Passive immunity is the transfer of active humoral immunity in the form of ready-made antibodies from one individual to another.
Naturally-acquired passive immunity includes antibodies given from the mother to her child during fetal development or through breast milk after birth.
There are two examples of passive naturally acquired immunity: (1) the placental transfer of igg from mother to fetus during pregnancy.
These antibodies generally last 4 to 6 months following birth.
The immune responses reach full strength at about age 5. (2) the iga and igg found in human colostrum and milk of babies who are nursed. In addition to the iga and igg, human milk also contains:.
Passive immunity, as stated earlier, refers to an immunity in which the antibodies and/or immuno-competent cells (iccs) are transferred from one host to another.
Naturally acquired active immunity
Naturally acquired active immunity occurs when the person is exposed to a live pathogen, develops the disease, and becomes immune as a result of the primary immune response.
Artificially acquired active immunity can be induced by a vaccine, a substance that contains the antigen.
A vaccine stimulates a primary response against the antigen without causing symptoms of the disease (see vaccination vaccination,.
What is the immune system?
The function of adaptive immune responses is to destroy invading pathogens and any toxic molecules they produce.
Because these responses are destructive, it is crucial that they be made only in response to molecules that are foreign to the host and not to the molecules of the host itself.
The ability to distinguish what is foreign from what is self in this way is a fundamental feature of the adaptive immune system.
Occasionally, the system fails to make this distinction and reacts destructively against the host’s own molecules. Such autoimmune diseases can be fatal.
Moderate exercise is believed to have a beneficial effect on natural killer cell system (interleukins). 2 it also enhances immune system through stress-reduction.
3 thus encouraging your kids to opt for age-appropriate exercise regularly will not only make them physically fit but will also support their immunity.
It is widely accepted that long periods of very intensive exercise training may depress immunity; on the other hand, regular moderate intensity exercise is beneficial and thus as a parent it is important to adopt caution.
4. In immune system immunity from disease is actually conferred by two cooperative defense systems, called nonspecific, innate immunity and specific, acquired immunity.
Nonspecific protective mechanisms repel all microorganisms equally, while the specific immune responses are tailored to particular types of invaders. Both systems work together to thwart organisms….
Immunity is the capability of multicellular organisms to resist harmful microorganisms from entering it.
Immunity involves both specific and nonspecific components.
The nonspecific components act as barriers or eliminators of a wide range of pathogens irrespective of their antigenic make-up.
Other components of the immune system adapt themselves to each new disease encountered and can generate pathogen-specific immunity.
It’s true that your immune system is pulling most of the weight when it comes to fighting unwelcome bacteria in your gut.
It’s not a legion of yogurt molecules that are coming to your rescue.
The immune system does have a tendency to transform its victories into future prevention and while exposure certainly can increase your chances of resistance, it all depends on the nature of the bacteria and the level of contamination.
There may also be contradicting evidence on this front. For example, in this article , there are two conflicting lines:.
Active immunity results when exposure to a disease organism triggers the immune system to produce antibodies to that disease.
Exposure to the disease organism can occur through infection with the actual disease (resulting in natural immunity), or introduction of a killed or weakened form of the disease organism through vaccination (vaccine-induced immunity).
Either way, if an immune person comes into contact with that disease in the future, their immune system will recognize it and immediately produce the antibodies needed to fight it.
It is said that you are as strong as your immune system.
Did you know that a good immune system has the power to fight anything from common cold to cancer, from stomach disorders to chronic fatigue? but what does it take to have a super – efficient immune system?.
How does the immune system work?
Some people in the community rely on herd immunity to protect them.
These groups are particularly vulnerable to disease, but often cannot safely receive vaccines: people without a fully-working immune system, including those without a working spleen.
These two immune systems work together.
When the body senses foreign substances (called antigens), the immune system works to recognize the antigens and get rid of them. B lymphocytes are triggered to make antibodies.
These specialized proteins lock onto specific antigens.
The antibodies stay in a person’s body. That way, if the immune.
Most people do not know why fevers appear so quickly, and when there is a rise in a child’s temperature, red flags shoot up in parents’ minds.
A fever actually is the body’s response to an illness, but not an illness itself.
The truth is that a high temperature shows that the immune system is working just fine to keep the body healthy.
However, it doesn’t mean you should leave your child suffering; take him to a doctor when necessary.
Adaptive immunity (also called acquired immunity), a second line of defense against pathogens , takes several days or weeks to fully develop.
However, adaptive immunity is much more complex than innate immunity because it involves antigen -specific responses and immunologic “memory. ” exposure to a specific antigen on an invading pathogen stimulates production of immune cells that target the pathogen for destruction.
Immunologic “memory” means that immune responses upon a second exposure to the same pathogen are faster and stronger because antigens are “remembered. ” primary mediators of the adaptive immune response are b lymphocytes (b cells) and t lymphocytes (t cells).
B cells produce antibodies , which are specialized proteins that recognize and bind to foreign proteins or pathogens in order to neutralize them or mark them for destruction by macrophages.
The response mediated by antibodies is called humoral immunity. In contrast, cell-mediated immunity is carried out by t cells — lymphocytes that develop in the thymus.
Different subgroups of t cells have different roles in adaptive immunity. For instance, cytotoxic t cells (killer t cells) directly attack and kill infected cells, while helper t cells enhance the responses and thus aid in the function of other lymphocytes.
Regulatory t cells, sometimes called suppressor t cells, suppress immune responses.
In addition to its vital role in innate immunity, the complement system modulates adaptive immune responses and is one example of the interplay between the innate and adaptive immune systems.
Components of both innate and adaptive immunity interact and work together to protect the body from infection and disease.
Fish helps build immune system and is also food for the working brain.
It contains omega-3 fatty acids as well as other healthy fats, a must to increase the activity levels of body cells. Fatty fish like salmon and tuna are great options for kids.
The purpose of vaccinations is to introduce a pathogen (i. E. Virus, bacteria, etc. ) to the immune system so that a person can develop immunity to the pathogen without having to experience disease.
So how do vaccines work if they do not cause the disease they are intended to protect against? a killed, inactivated or portion of a pathogen (virus, bacteria, etc. ) is injected into the body to get the immune system to recognize it, but since the pathogen is inactivated, it should not cause the disease.
Which is safer: Natural immunity or immunity after getting a vaccine?
It is true that natural infection almost always causes better immunity than vaccines.
Whereas immunity from disease often follows a single natural infection, immunity from vaccines usually occurs only after several doses.
However, the difference between vaccination and natural infection is the price paid for immunity.
Keep in mind that although vaccines trigger an antibody response, the presence of antibodies only show that the organism has been in contact with a natural or a vaccine antigen, but is not necessarily evidence of a protective effect or immunity.
Recent examples on the web those who catch the flu have some immunity against catching the same strain again — something that is not yet possible with the coronavirus. — nbc news, “‘people have been trying to underplay this’: why the coronavirus is different from the flu,” 14 mar. 2020 animal studies support the idea that immunity changes with the seasons. — jon cohen, science | aaas, “why do dozens of diseases wax and wane with the seasons—and will covid-19?,” 13 mar. 2020 other similar viruses such as mers did seem to induce temporary immunity once the patient recovers. — mark johnson, milwaukee journal sentinel, “‘when should i self-quarantine?’ and 10 other coronavirus questions answered by wisconsin doctors,” 12 mar. 2020 however, eng eong ooi, a professor of emerging infectious diseases at singapore’s duke-nus medical school, said the data is too new to determine definitively whether the immunity will last for a very short period of time, for years or for life. — grace hauck, usa today, “you asked us tons of questions about the coronavirus. We answered them. ,” 12 mar. 2020 there is no immunity now against the virus and no vaccine yet. — melissa eddy, bostonglobe. Com, “merkel gives germans a hard truth about the coronavirus,” 11 mar. 2020 enveloping school projects, photos, menus, and tags in a thin, clear sheet of firm plastic offers protection from warping, enhances the look and feel of the item, and grants full immunity to grease, oil, grime and water damage. — popular science, “turn paper into plastic with these fantastic laminators,” 9 mar. 2020 during the campaign, netanyahu failed in a bid to secure immunity from prosecution. — time, “netanyahu fails to secure majority in 3rd israeli election in a year, exit polls show,” 3 mar. 2020 supporters claim that the antioxidants can boost immunity and there are natural anti-microbial or anti-bacterial qualities to the plant. — emily bamforth, cleveland, “should i take elderberry supplements to ward off flu, coronavirus?,” 2 mar. 2020.
During its complex, multi-stage life cycle, the malaria parasite not only expresses a great variety of proteins at different stages, but these proteins also keep changing often.
As a result, a natural infection with malaria parasites leads to of only a partial and short lived immunity that is unable to protect the individual against a new infection.
The complex interplay of parasite proteins with the immune system of the host has also made it difficult or even impossible to develop an effective vaccine against the disease until now.
Each year malaria infects about one-half billion people, killing 1 million to 2 million and severely dampening economic development.
The parasitic plasmodium species causing malaria persist and even flourish despite the availability of tools for prevention, control, and treatment.
Those tools consist of an array of drugs, diagnostics, and insecticides and a detailed understanding of the breeding site preferences of the many anopheline mosquito vectors.
Despite the tremendous strides in biotechnology during the past 5 decades and the application to malaria of the many breakthroughs in molecular biology, genetics, immunology, and vaccinology by talented researchers, useful vaccines of any type evade us.
This review examines one factor that may contribute substantially to this failure: inadequate understanding of naturally acquired immunity (nai).
Fact: vaccines let your child build immunity in a safe, controlled environment. ”in the past decade we’ve seen a shift toward green, eco-friendly and natural living. Many of us have worked to reduce our carbon footprint, preserve the environment, and keep toxins and anything labeled “artificial” out of our homes and our bodies.
Some people want to “green our vaccines” by calling out chemicals and seemingly scary-sounding ingredients.
Blueberries contain a type of flavonoid called anthocyanin, which has antioxidant properties that can help boost a person’s immune system.
A 2016 study noted that flavonoids play an essential role in the respiratory tract’s immune defense system.
When you’re coming down with a cold or flu, everyone seems to have their own idea of what will make you feel better — but how do we separate fact from fiction? do vitamins actually help? what about chicken soup? what should we really be doing to help boost our immune systems, anyway?.
A leading figure in immunology takes readers inside the remarkably powerful human immune system.
Winner of the choice outstanding academic title of the choice acrl the immune system has incredible power to protect us from the ravages of infection.
Boosted by vaccines, it can protect us from diseases such as measles. However, the power of the immune system is a double-edged sword: an overactive immune system can wreak havoc, destroying normal tissue and causing diseases such as type i diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and multiple sclerosis.
The consequences of an impaired immune system, on the other hand, are all too evident in the agonies of aids.
What can you do to protect your child from the endless array of germs and viruses he’s exposed to every day? unfortunately, in some ways, getting sick when you’re a kid is simply part of the job description. “we all enter this world with an inexperienced immune system,” says charles shubin, m. D. , an associate professor of pediatrics at the university of maryland. Slowly, children prime their immunity by battling an ongoing series of germs, viruses, and other organisms—which is why many pediatricians consider six to eight colds, bouts of flu, or ear infections per year normal.
But there are healthy habits you can adopt that will give your child’s immune system a boost.
Does exercise help or hinder our bodies’ ability to fight off infections? in the context of the novel coronavirus outbreak, that question has gained urgency and also, thanks to recent research, emergent answers.
The latest science suggests that being fit boosts our immune systems, and that even a single workout can amplify and improve our ability to fight off germs.
Vaccination utilises this secondary response by exposing the body to the antigens of a particular pathogen and activates the immune system without causing disease.
The initial response to a vaccine is similar to that of the primary response upon first exposure to a pathogen, slow and limited. Subsequent doses of the vaccine act to boost this response resulting in the production of long-lived antibodies and memory cells, as it would naturally following subsequent infections.
there are so many [foods] that the earth gives us that boost our immunity. food also plays a factor in ensuring our organs are healthy and functioning correctly.
Consuming colorful and organic foods, when accessible, supports our immune system.
Nutritionists recommend eating an anti-inflammatory diet to promote gut health, as that’s where most of our immune cells live.
Immunity by Ayurveda
No Vaccine, and with a scarcity of Masks & Hand sanitizers, Our Own Body’s Immunity is our best defense.
Ayurveda has for centuries addressed the issue of how to develop and maintain immunity. Here are a few Immunity To-Dos for your family.
Good digestion — a prime requirement
- It is advised to consume Samskrithamadhu (Ayurvedic Honey) with lime in warm water daily in the morning to keep the whole digestive tract healthy.
- Drink warm freshly boiled water with Cinnamon, Clove, Cardamom, Ginger, Black Pepper, and Star Anise. These spices improve digestion and are antimicrobial.
- Add fresh Turmeric to your soups or prepare fresh Turmeric Pickle (recipe) with each meal. Turmeric apart from its anti-inflammation properties is also very good at improving our digestion.
- Chyavanaprasam (is a good source of C vitamin) – useful for deficient immune disorders, respiratory ailments (also useful in debilitating diseases where the immunity goes down drastically).
Those who cannot take ghee/sugar of Chyavanaprasam may take Tiktakam Kwatham morning and evening. It is an ancient Ayurvedic herbal supplement tablet that is robustly anti-viral.
- Agastya Rasayana (Leham) – useful for general debility, respiratory ailments including bronchial asthma, hiccup, cough
- Dasamula Arishtam after lunch and dinner- is a very powerful and potent health tonic to boost immunity as well as strengthen the lungs and the respiratory system.
Pippalya Asavam is a very potent health tonic to kindle the digestive fire
Ayurvedic Medicine for Diabetes
Diabetes is a serious disorder of the glands, of pancreas to be exact, called Madhumeha in Ayurveda. It is one of the most insidious disorders of the metabolism and, if left undiagnosed, may lead to rapid emaciation and ultimately death.
Diabetes and Its Management
Diabetes Mellitus is one of the most costly burdensome chronic diseases of our time and is condition that is increasing in epidemic population in the whole world.
The complications resulting from the diseases are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality and are associated with failure of various organs such as the eyes, kidneys and nerves.
Diabetics are also at a significantly higher risk for coronary artery disease, peripheral vascular disease and stroke and they have a greater likelihood of having hypertension dyslipidemia and obesity.
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious disorder of the glands, of pancreas to be exact, called Madhumeha in Ayurveda.
It is one of the most insidious disorders of the metabolism and, if left undiagnosed, may lead to rapid emaciation and ultimately death.
What are the types of Diabetes?
According to Ayurveda Diabetes is of two types: Diabetes Mellitus- Insulin dependent Juvenile Diabetes (IDDM-Type I) in which the body is unable to produce insulin and Non Insulin Dependent Adult Onset Diabetes (NIDDM-Type II) in which the pancreas produces insulin, but it is insufficient for reducing the blood glucose to normal levels.
What are the common symptoms of Type- 1 Diabetes?
Some of the common symptoms of Type- 1 Diabetes are:
Excessive Thirst Frequent urination Unexplained weight loss Irritability Weakness Fatigue
What are the common symptoms of Type- 2 Diabetes?
Some of the common symptoms of Type- 2 Diabetes are:
Loss off weight Numbness in hands or feet. Uncontrolled infections Pain in the limbs Inflammatory chest infections Dimness of vision, contrast Excessive thirst Body weakness
What are the different tests for Diabetes?
Urine Test: Some chemicals are added to a few drops of urine. Colour change indicates presence of glucose in urine.
Blood Test: In this, blood is taken to test the glucose level.
This is more accurate test to confirm diabetes
Which parts of my body are affected by Diabetes?
Blood Vessels: Higher level of glucose damage the blood vessels. As a result of this most of the diabetic complications occur in blood vessels.
Heart: Diabetes affects the heart by: Increasing the amount of fat in blood and increasing the amount of homocysteine in blood.
Kidney: In diabetes because of increased levels of glucose, kidneys have to do extra work to retain essential substances and separate waste products to produce urine. This affects the small blood vessels and their capacity to filter. After many years of work, it leads to kidney failure.
Eyes: Diabetes affects blood vessels of the eyes. Damage to these blood vessels leads to eye problems like: Damage to retina, Cataract or total loss of vision
Foot: Damage to blood vessels reduces blood flow to the feet and increases risk of developing foot ulcers and infections.
Nerves: High glucose level for a long time damages nerves. Nerve damage reduces sensation in some parts of body which may lead to: Numbness and tingling, Fainting and dizziness
Home Remedies for Diabetes:
The best remedy for this disease is the bitter gourd, better known as karela.
Eat this vegetable as often as you can or have at least one tablespoon of karela juice daily to reduce blood sugar levels in your blood and urine.
Amla, due to its vitamin C content is effective in controlling diabetes.
A tablespoon of its juice, mixed with a cup of fresh bitter-gourd juice, taken daily for two months will secrete the pancreas and enable it to secrete insulin.
Take ten tulsi leaves, ten neem leaves and ten belpatras with a glass of water early morning on an empty stomach.
It will work wonders in keeping your sugar levels under control.
The leaves of Butea tree are very useful in diabetes.
They reduce blood sugar and are useful in glycousia.
Take two teaspoons of powdered Fenugreek seeds with milk. Two teaspoons of the seeds can also be swallowed whole, daily.
Eat 10 fresh fully grown curry leaves every morning for three months. It prevent diabetes due to heredity factors. It also cures diabetes due to obesity.